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HVAC Cooling Towers

A reliable source for Cooling Tower information and leading Cooling Tower Companies & Manufacturers.

A cooling tower is a piece of auxiliary equipment used to cool hot water pumped from the condenser to the tower. It is accomplished by lowering the water’s temperature using ambient air. Either natural or fan-forced air can be present. The ability to chill the water is based on the water’s ability to evaporate when it comes into contact with air. Read More…

HVAC Cooling Towers Water-cooled chillers are used in HVAC cooling towers rather than air-cooled chillers because water-cooled chillers are typically more energy-efficient.
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Leading Manufacturers

Reading, PA  |  610-374-5109

Brentwood focuses solely on what’s inside your tower. We know your process is paramount, so you need optimized cooling tower products to support it. By offering the most complete line of internal polymer components in the industry, Brentwood works with you to ensure you receive the best-suited products for your project and application.

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Brentwood Industries, Inc. $$$

Oklahoma City, OK  |  405-979-2100

Our TTXL Series Modular Cooling Tower is a mechanical-draft cooling tower that reduces cost and installation time. It also helps to reduce operating costs and tower maintenance. Our customer driven existence pushes us to be the greatest company in the world when it comes to cooling towers. We wish to be the mark by which all other cooling tower companies are measured. Our in demand products ensure that we will always be able to deliver affordable products at the best possible value.

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Tower Tech, Inc. $$$

Overland Park, KS  |  913-664-7400

SPX Cooling Technologies, Inc. is a leading full-line, full-service cooling tower manufacturer. The companies that formed SPX Cooling Technologies were founded nearly a century ago and have more than 250 global patents in the industrial, process cooling, refrigeration, and HVAC markets. With more than 150 offices, subsidiaries, and partners worldwide, we have the global reach and local services necessary to deliver solutions for our customers.

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SPX Cooling Technologies, Inc. $$$

Baltimore, MD  |  410-799-6200

Cooling towers were added to Baltimore Aircoil's product line back in the 1950s. Industries in the power generating and industrial process sector are served by us. We are CTI certified and are an ISO 9001 company.

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Baltimore Aircoil Co. $$$

Houston, TX  |  800-473-9178

At Cold Shot Chillers, we create a number of chilling systems, including cooling towers. Our products are designed for durability and cost effectiveness. Our engineers can easily custom build any machine to fit the needs of a particular application.

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Cold Shot Chillers $$$
placeholder image Brentwood Industries, Inc. Tower Tech, Inc. SPX Cooling Technologies, Inc. Baltimore Aircoil Co. Cold Shot Chillers

Similarly, an industrial cooling tower works by dissipating heat from water by evaporating a small amount of water that is circulated inside the device. Warm water cools when combined with colder air, which releases latent heat of vaporization.

The tower should typically be able to cool the water by 6 to 7°F of the temperature of an air-wet bulb. The cooled water that exits the tower can be 85°F, which is around 7°F lower than the air wet bulb temperature; for instance, if the hot water entering the tower from the condenser is 95°F, and the wet bulb temperature of the air is 78°F.

Types of HVAC Cooling Towers

Three basic cooling towers are based on how water or air moves through them. Crossflow, counterflow, and hyperbolic are a few of these categories. Additionally, two cooling towers—induced draft and passive draft cooling towers—are categorized based on airflow.

Crossflow Cooling Towers

Crossflow cooling towers use a splash fill, which enables in-flowing air to move over the stream of water from the upper reservoirs in a horizontal direction. Crossflow systems are among the most expensive and simpler to maintain equipment kinds. However, compared to conventional cooling systems, these are more susceptible to frost.

Crossflow tower

Counterflow Cooling Towers

In a counterflow system, the water pours down from the reservoir above as the in-flowing air moves over the splash fill in a vertical course. Typically, counterflow systems are more compact than crossflow systems. However, since more energy is required to force the air higher against the running water downward, these cooling towers are more expensive.

counter flow tower

Hyperbolic Cooling Towers

Well-designed hyperbolic systems use a small number of resources. These cooling towers can effectively handle large-scale duties in huge chemical or power plants, even if they only need a few resources.

In hyperbolic systems, the colder, outside air uses a chimney stacking strategy to drive the wet, warmer air within the tower. A splash fill is constructed at the tower's base, and air moving upward cools the water that sprays over it.

Chimney Stacking Technique

Induced Draft Cooling Towers

Induced draft or mechanical draft cooling towers force air upward inside the tower using mechanical pressure, like a fan system. Induced draft systems can also use blow-throughs or draw-throughs to push or pull air into the tower.

mechanical draft cooling towers

Passive Draft Cooling Towers

In passive or natural draft cooling towers, the air is drawn naturally throughout the structure by the upward motion of warmed air and a steep chimney construction. Hyperbolic towers are passive draft systems, even though passive draft systems can have either a counterflow or crossflow transport design.

natural draft cooling towers

Principles of Operation

The usage of this equipment to cool the water-cooled condenser from a chiller system illustrates the application. The chiller condenser, which may be inside the structure, is piping hot water to the cooling tower. The water is moved back and forth by pumps from the condenser to the tower.

The thin film materials (also called fill) are sprayed with hot water using a nozzle. These materials can be formed of plastic, wood slats, or metal fins. Their exteriors might have flat, corrugated, or honeycomb-shaped surfaces. Air in the atmosphere is forced, or naturally drafted, cooling water, collected at the bottom sump and cycled back to the condenser.

Benefits of Cooling Towers to HVAC Industries

The following are some of the advantages cooling towers provide to the HVAC industries:

Cost-Effective Installation

Compared to the professional installation costs for central refrigerated air conditioning, the cost of the evaporative cooling tower has been relatively lower.

Ease of Operation

It uses water as fluid rather than pricy refrigerants.

Energy Efficient

It is more energy-efficient, using less power and drawing less current.

Cost-Effective Maintenance

Compared to refrigerated cooling, the evaporative cooling tower requires less maintenance.

Great Performance

It has been observed that the cooling towers rapidly evaporate water. Therefore, the structure would remain free of extremely hot water.

Limitations of Cooling Towers in HVAC Systems

  • The fan size in forced draft cooling towers is limited to 4 meters to prevent ice from forming on neighboring equipment during cold weather.
  • Powerful machinery is needed for the forced draft.
  • In induced draft cooling towers, air speeds through the packings are disproportionately distributed.

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